1910 Languages of Central Europe (without borders)

1910 Languages of Central Europe (without borders)

4140 × 3700

‘Reddish hues are Germanic languages, bluish ones are Romance, green Slavic.

The big light pink blob in the center is High German. To the north of it, darker pink, Low German and, further north and darker, Danish. The reddish hue on the border between Danish and Low German, and also in the Netherlands, is Frisian. Continuing counterclockwise you have Dutch, French, Italian; then purple is probably Friulian, which here is counted as a separate language while things like Lombardian are grouped as dialects of Italian.

Next comes Yugoslavian, including Slovenian and Bosnio-Croat-Montenegro-Serbian. Brown is Hungarian, light green is Slovakian, the green almost entirely surrounded by German is Czech, the green entirely surrounded by German is Sorbian, the green with lots of small German enclaves is Polish. The yellowish tone in the northeast is likely Lithuanian’–eukubernetes

Number of People per Library

Number of People per Library

‘This doesn’t show on the map, but for example in Slovakia (pop. 5,4 mil.), total number of libraries (from the source) is 7,533 of which 1,916 are public libraries (25,4%) and 5,483 are school libraries (72,7%). Compare it to France (pop. 66 mil.) which has apparently only 780 school libraries overall (15,6%) and 3,410 public libraries (68,6%)’–Yralyn

Constructed genetic map of Europe showing the degree of relatedness between its populations

Constructed genetic map of Europe showing the degree of relatedness between its populations

“Basques are genetically distinctive, but they aren’t all that different from other Iberian people. Most notably, they seem to lack the minor Near Eastern admixture that came to the peninsula in both the Bronze Age and later periods. FWIW, no one would’ve ever guessed based on language affinities—but Sardinians are way more genetically distinctive than Basques in the scheme of Europe, and way more divergent from mainland Italians than Basques are from Iberians”–ben-canaan